Scala Simple Build Tool — Not so simple after all, at least for now…

Update:I got sbt working by building directly from the master branch from their github repo. The current version is 0.7.5. The tagged 0.9.4 version is actually an older version. Anyway, tried it and kinda loved it.

This is just another late night rambling…I was trying to get a proper scala build system setup. I was using Maven scala plugin for a while, but longing for something simpler and more scalanic (is there such a word?). I was pretty happy at Cake, the Clojure build system and expected SBT to allow me to break away from using Maven to build Scala projects…boy, was I wrong…

First off, when you google ‘simple build tool’, you get a link to the SBT Google code home page. Well, nothing wrong there, except the “latest” version on Google code was 0.7.4 and it was half a year ago…Maybe it’s not that outdated, so I downloaded it, followed this instruction and setup my ~/bin/sbt script. Running it, it asked me to setup projects, and it only supported up until Scala 2.7.7…Hrm, 2.8 was out for a while now, so obviously, SBT 0.7.4 isn’t the latest. Reading their home page more carefully, they’re moving the repository to Github. Awesome! I’d pick Github over Google Code any time too.

Heading over to their Github repo, and found the latest stable version is 0.9.2. Good! So it should support Scala 2.8 now! Downloaded the zip, unzipped it, and of course it wasn’t executable. You need to build it. There’s a, so quickly I less’ed it. For step 1, it asked me to go to the setup wiki page on Google Code (!), which is the steps I did setting up 0.7.4…I guess they’re using 0.7.4 as a bootstrapping build…Anyways, I did that. Step 2 was to run `sbt update “project Launcher” proguard “project Simple Build Tool” “publish-local”`. Of course it didn’t work. It’s complained 0.7.4 version of sbt-launch can’t download Scala 2.7.7 from any of the repository…bummer! But hey, I can download Scala 2.7.7 lib from Maven! So I quickly updated pom.xml of one of my projects to use Scala 2.7.7 and did an upgrade. Now 2.7.7 is happily in my local Maven repo. Ran that command again, hooray! It started to build, and judging by the number of packages it’s building, “simple” isn’t the first adjective that comes into my mind. Anyway, it’s building at least, so even if it’s a little complicated, so be it…Except…of course it broke half way… and why?

[info] Post-analysis: 107 classes.
[info] == Precompiled 2.7.7 / compile ==
[info] Precompiled 2.8.0 / compile …
[info] == Precompiled 2.8.0 / compile ==
[info] Source analysis: 9 new/modified, 0 indirectly invalidated, 0 removed.
[info] Compiling main sources…
[warn] there were deprecation warnings; re-run with -deprecation for details
[warn] one warning found
[info] Compilation successful.
[info] Post-analysis: 108 classes.
[info] == Precompiled 2.8.0 / compile ==
java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen space
at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClassCond(
at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(

You’ve gotta be kidding me! I set -Xmx512M and it’s not enough? And why is it building every version of Scala *from source*?? Is there something called a…JAR?

Anyway, increased -Xmx from 512 to 1024M, ran again, wait, and same thing happened again! Out of PermGen space…urrgh…

I decided to give up, at least for the day… SBT is anything but simple, at least from my experience. I know it’s open source and people put efforts into it without compensation, so I shouldn’t be critical about it. I’ll give it a try again, and hopefully it’s worth the time investment.


Write sudoku solver in Clojure

…yeah, because the world just needs another Sudoku solver. Well, I’m not trying to solve world hunger with it, but just an attempt to practice Clojure, I took (read: stole) Peter Norvig’s sudoku solver algorithm (written in Python) and adapted it into Clojure. I put it up on Github under sudoku-clj. The algorithm itself isn’t *that* hard to understand. The porting to a lisp-y syntax made the code a little longer than its Python counterpart. I’m sure seasoned Lisp/Clojure users can point out dozens of places where more idiomatic/succinct syntax can be used (If you happen to be one, do tell, by the way).

Here’s a few things I noticed:

  • Mutable states in clojure are captured using `ref`s. The object itself (in this case, the grid, which is a hash map) doesn’t mutate, but the reference is changed to point to different grid objects that represent a configuration at a given step.
  • Clojure sequences are Lazy. A few times I tried to print out the current state (remaining digits) of the square, but if you simply do (println seq), you will get a Java-ish toString() output of the sequence object. You need to force the lazy sequence to be evaluated by (println (apply str seq)). Needless to say, you lose the advantage of lazy sequences, so use it sparingly.
  • Python’s list comprehension syntax is fabulous. Clojure’s counterpart for comprehension doesn’t feel as elegent, nor is map a function onto a sequence to achieve that (the way I used it)
  • Cake is yummy!
  • The performance isn’t great…I must have done something wrong, but the easy sudoku grid took about 2 seconds (with the JVM already booted), while the Python algorithm solves it in a fraction of a second.
  • Because assign/eliminate are mutually recursive, my current implementation uses the naive way of doing recursion, i.e., let the stack grow. Clojure has a function `trampoline`, which adds a level of indirection that applies to mutually recursive functions. It uses `recur` at tail end position (basically translates the recursive calls into loops) which doesn’t fill your process’s stack. It might not be obvious (to me anyways) how one can do that with a few levels of function calls in between assign/eliminate, but I’m sure there’s a way